Nearly a hundred Hong Kong police officers, two of them British, have been honoured for their service to the territory during last year’s pro-democracy protests, despite claims of … They says the prosecution can be carried out in London as torture is an offence which has universal jurisdiction under British law. Hong Kong - a British colony until 1997 - is part of China under a model known as "one country, two systems". Bejing also responded with criticism after Britain announced plans to open up a path to citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kongers. 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020 In the 1920s and 1930s, Hong Kong's general peace was punctuated by bouts of civil unrestsparked by labour disputes, instability in China and Japanese militarism. Revolutionary new policing techniques widely used across the world today, including “kettling” and the first-ever use of tear gas and short shields by newly instituted riot squads, were first tested in the summer of 1967 by the HKPF. Senior British officers in the Hong Kongpolice force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a … In 1967, with the Cultural Revolution in China reaching its crescendo, communists inspired by the activities of the Red Guards in the mainland waged a protracted insurgency in Hong Kong against the colonial government. British army personnel have returned to Hong Kong to drill police officers on ceremonial protocol and practices (AFP Photo/RICHARD A. BROOKS) More Hong Kong (AFP) - Nearly 20 years after Hong Kong was returned to China, the British army is back -- this time to train the city's police force on crucial matters of pomp and ceremony. The Hong Kong police have not responded to a request for comment. To this end, Quine proposed initiating a program of 10-week crash courses for officers in techniques including kettling, the use of tear gas, and crowd control, with an eye to rapidly improving the British police’s ability to respond to civil unrest. In response to the introduction of the controversial national security law in Hong Kong, Foreign Minister Dominic Raab last month announced that residents would be offered a 'route to citizenship', an extension of the six-month allowance to five years. They claim three of the six Hong Kong regional commander police posts are filled by British nationals, who were installed just before former the colonial power handed the territory over to the Chinese. He had a gunshot wound on his head, with a service pistol by his side and a suicide note at the scene. Two police officers were beaten bloody by pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong today as violence erupted at a rally calling for greater democratic freedoms in the heart of the city. And almost 35 years to the day of Orgreave, the HKPF engaged in a series of brutal clashes with peaceful and unarmed protesters outside the Legislative Council building. The focus on drama risks ignoring the hard slog of resistance. Later footage subsequently revealed that Dover was also embedded in the unit. Mounted police were immediately followed in by the assembled riot suppression units, which had been modeled on the HKPF’s organization in the intermediary three years since Quine’s counsel. Hong Kong activists Joshua Wong, right, and Ivan Lam, left, are escorted by Correctional Services officers to get on a prison van before appearing in a court, in Hong Kong… Danyal Hussain For Mailonline, Hong Kong pro-democracy media tycoon Jimmy Lai is arrested by Chinese authorities in raid on his newspaper office under new security law, China sanctions 11 US citizens including Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio in retaliation for U.S. restrictions on Hong Kong's top officials - but Beijing does not hit ANY Trump officials. Violence erupts at rally after thousands gather at a park to call for greater democratic freedoms in China-ruled city. The willingness of some British members of Parliament, including Goodman, to hold the U.K. government to account on Hong Kong for little to no political gain of their own is a start, as is Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt’s withdrawal of export licenses for crowd control equipment to Hong Kong. More: 'British Officers Give Hong Kong Police Crash Course In Drill' Marking the end of the training, certificates were handed out and the winners revealed. 3 Hong Kong police officers jailed over assault of 62-year-old man tied to hospital bed Judge says case has damaged the reputation of the police and Hong Kong. By The training came too late for the race riots—but the techniques were on full display in British police violence against miners during the 1984-1985 strike, most infamously in the Battle of Orgreave. The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert Dover, senior superintendent David Jordan, and superintendent Justin Shave. If you wish to join the Hong Kong Police Force as Inspector or Constable, you are expected to meet the requirements listed below. By … When war came again in 1941, an unknown number of police officers and reserves - Chinese, Indian, European and Eurasian - had their lives taken by the Japanese during both the main c… It is a British rank and the countries following the British police model often incorporate this rank in their police service. Yet beyond the role of individual personnel lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing. In 1981, shortly after Margaret Thatcher’s government took office, an unlikely meeting took place at a nondescript conference center in Preston, a small town in the north of England. Elsewhere, rubber bullets and long-range pepper spray were used on both demonstrators and journalists, resulting in 79 injuries, while in total the HKPF fired more than 150 tear gas canisters over the course of a single day. And why Morocco’s apparent victory there will change regional politics. China insists the law is necessary to restore order after last year's mass protests, but critics say it tramples on the freedoms guaranteed to Hong Kong after its handover from Britain in 1997. Authorities said that the 57-year-old police officer was found injured at 4:38pm. The officers joined the police force while Hong Kong was still under British rule, in the 1990s, and now occupy senior roles. By The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967.The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former … If the case goes ahead, the accused officers may … Hong Kong police threaten to fire live rounds at protesters if they continue to face 'deadly weapons' after officer was shot with an arrow. The moment a police officer shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong, Tuesday, October 1. The police force of Hong Kong has brought many laurels for the country as it is ranked as Asia’s first and world’s second police force which operates with the modern policing system. To confront the legacy of colonial violence it left behind in Hong Kong, the U.K. must do more than merely speak out. A white police officer, initially believed to be Dover but subsequently identified as Shave, could be seen directing a subordinate to fire a tear gas cylinder directly at Wu, who was totally unarmed and clearly identified himself as a sitting legislator. British National Overseas (BNO) passports, Why India’s Farmers Won’t Stop Protesting, The War in Tigray Is a Fight Over Ethiopia’s Past—and Future, Trump Leaves Biden Administration a Parting Gift in Currency Wars, How the Western Sahara Became the Key to North Africa, The Islamic State Isn’t Behind Syria’s Amphetamine Trade. The law's introduction has coincided with ramped up police action against democracy supporters. A chief inspector in Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police in commanding the police divisions and headquarters. After Hong Kong was handed back in 1997, some of the responsibilities previously held by the military were passed to the police and since then they have strived to retain their British ceremonial style. Hong Kong Watch activist Luke de Pulford and pro-democracy activist Nathan Law previously launched an investigation into British senior police officers in the Hong Kong force. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. Mr KONG Hok-lai, Kelvin joined the Hong Kong Police Force as an Inspector of Police in 1996. The U.K. owes Hong Kongers fighting for democracy a moral debt. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong… A caricature of Hong Kong police superintendent Rupert Dover by the Chinese artist Badiucao, July 2019. Hong Kong’s Police Violence Is Stamped ‘Made in U.K.’. Clashes cut short Hong Kong rally as police officers are attacked. None of the officers who could face prosecution have been named. 'Despite clear evidence of excessive force, no officer has been disciplined. You must be a permanent resident of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and have lived in Hong Kong for at least seven years. The law was introduced to quell widespread and often violent pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and sanctions from the United States. At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert … This past weekend, as protesters and riot police fought in the glitzy surroundings of a Hong Kong mall, one officer made the mistake of getting separated from his colleagues as he viciously hit a young protester. However, the only real game-changing action the U.K. government could take would be to extend the eligibility criteria for British National Overseas (BNO) passports, held by some 3 million Hong Kongers, to include all those born in Hong Kong after 1997 or even go one step further and grant BNO holders the right of abode and right to work in Britain. The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. It was a sad sign of how hated a police force once praised as “Asia’s finest” has become. For too long they have … Three prominent Hong Kong … The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. Brett Williams, another Briton, abandoned his plan in 1977 to join the British army in favour of a career with the Hong Kong police. Quine’s recommendations to British police included instituting dedicated units of officers—“riot suppression units,” each with a particular responsibility to fulfill, such as arresting demonstrators (“snatch squads”), firing tear gas, or crowd intimidation. The most notorious incident of the events on June 12 was the firing of a tear gas cylinder at Democratic Party legislator Wu Chi-wai, who was peaceably approaching a police unit following brutal scenes of that same unit of officers beating unarmed demonstrators. On Thursday, more than two months into the worst unrest this city has seen in decades, senior police officers invited a group of journalists to the towering police headquarters in Hong Kong… Hong Kong protests: Police use ‘UK-made tear gas’ in violent crackdown on activists. The prosecution is being brought by a team of prominent activists and lawyers, who are using a JustGiving page to try and raise £200,000 to employ a full-time legal team. Will 2021 be full of foreign-policy crises and domestic drama or dull compared to 2020? C.M. The Hong Kong police force has adopted its ranks structure and insignia from British forces. Hong Kong’s police chief has admitted his officers had sought to arrest wounded demonstrators in hospitals, and acknowledged that only a “minority” had … Some 14 years earlier, the HKPF had brutally suppressed the worst violence in the city’s history, as pro-communist rioters launched indiscriminate bomb attacks against civilians. The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. Tactics first developed during the 1967 riots were again on full display, most notably in the repeated deployment of dedicated riot squads equipped with short shields and batons. The HKPF stopped recruiting from foreign services in 1994, but older British officers left over from the handover continue to dominate its senior staff. The Hong Kong Police was established in 1844, to replace the existing unsatisfactory policing arrangements of the preceding three years, and continued as a British colonial police force until the sovereignty of Hong Kong reverted to China in 1997. But it was also part of a legacy of police brutality, and subsequent violence from protesters, stretching back to the colonial era—and continued by the key role that British officers play in the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF). It comes as Hong Kong media tycoon and pro-democracy activist Jimmy Lai was arrested in a raid on his newspaper office today under the city's draconian new security law. The scholar Lawrence Ho details the police measures as encompassing the “liberal use of force and lethal weapons [and] widespread assault and imprisonment of demonstrators,” coupled with the imposition of oppressive legislation and curfews. Lai, 71, was led away in handcuffs and arrested along with six others on suspicion of colluding with foreign forces - one of the new offences under the law - and fraud. Pages 489-515 Published online: 19 Dec … Yet, despite the appalling scenes of police violence, Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam has repeatedly resisted calls for an independent police inquiry to supersede the toothless and long-maligned Independent Police Complaints Council. Hong Kong “Chasing the Dragon” is a Critique of British Corruption in Colonial Hong Kong. Women Police Officers in Hong Kong: Femininity and Policing in a Gendered Organization. Police later said all were meant to be warning shots, as the officers felt their lives were under threat. A former assistant commissioner in the Metropolitan Police, John Alderson, later stated that the policing strategies used at Orgreave were “a carbon copy of the Hong Kong riot squad.” Meanwhile, allegations continue to swirl to this day about police engineering the entire confrontation to damage and discredit the miners. How Hong Kong is turning into the West Berlin of the quasi-cold war between the West and China. FILE - A police officer displays a warning banner on Oct. 1, 2020, China's National Day, in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. Hong Kong activists Joshua Wong, right, and Ivan Lam, left, are escorted by Correctional Services officers to prison, in Hong Kong, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. Annie Hau-nung Chan Department of Sociology and Social Policy Lingnan University, Hong Kong & Lawrence Ka-ki Ho Department of Social Sciences The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong Correspondence lawrenceho@ied.edu.hk. Another of those trying to bring about the prosecution is Nathan Law, a young democracy activist who recently fled to London from Hong Kong after China imposed a controversial security law on the territory in June. Jack Hazlewood is a student, producer and activist based in London, England. Swedes can’t figure out their government’s coronavirus approach, a progressive push on U.S. foreign policy, and an honest assessment of the Arab Spring’s fallout. These techniques were eventually codified amid total secrecy in a file titled the “Public Order Manual of Tactical Options and Related Matters,” an infamous document that only became public in the aftermath of Orgreave. The police response at Orgreave ran largely on HKPF hardware. About 5% of the police force is made up of officers with British passports, Pulford estimated. Though the Hong Kong Police Force officially ceased hiring foreign officers in 1994, there are still several prominent British officers within the upper ranks of the force, holdovers from when it was the Royal Hong Kong Police Force under British rule. A few minutes later, he tripped and ended up on the ground—only to be piled on by dozens of protesters, who took evident delight in beating him. British officers serving with the Hong Kong police force could face a private prosecution in the UK over alleged acts of torture committed during last year's protests. The British police were eager to hear exactly how it had been done—and to reproduce the same tactics against demonstrators in the U.K. The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former name after the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to People's Republic of China. However, the Committee to Protect Journalists said the raid 'bears out the worst fears that the law would be used to suppress critical pro-democracy opinion and restrict press freedom'. by … He previously worked for a localist political party in Hong Kong, and served as field producer for the conflict journalism outlet Popular Front’s documentary ‘Add Oil’, which followed frontline protestors in Hong Kong in the run up to China’s national day. The British government should consider holding its own inquiries if Hong Kong fails to do so. 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