0% average accuracy. North America is the third largest continent, and is also a portion of the second largest supercontinent if North and South America are combined into the Americas and Africa, Europe, and Asia are considered to be part of one supercontinent called Afro-Eurasia. In this lesson, we're going to take a look at how human geography has an impact on settlement patterns in North America. amberkay60. (Canada claims to have the greatest amount of lakes in the world; Finland disagrees.). To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. 2 terms. Edit. Second, glacial activity, either through erosion or deposition, has created “deranged” (random) stream patterns and depressions for thousands of lakes. North America covers a vast area and features a unique physical geography Winter days are extremely short (sometimes nonexistent) and the long summer days (up to 24 hours) allow vegetation to exist at the Arctic, attracting insects and the migrating birds that feed upon them (e.g., Canada Geese and Tundra Swans.) Largest Country: Canada. In the last century a “cottage culture” developed where having a summer place on the water was part of the Canadian dream, for the wealthy at first, but then for the middle class. Their formation during the Precambrian period (sometimes referred to as the Cryptozoic or ‘hidden life’ eon) means that in the Shield there are virtually no fossil fuels (or fossils) but instead it holds an abundance of metal deposits. In the late 15th century, there was a theory that a person could sail west from Europe across a vast ocean, and eventually land somewhere around China or India. North American Geography. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Imprint New York : Oxford University Press, 2002. The hottest temperature recorded in the United States (and in North America) was in Death Valley, California on July 10, 1913. What makes the Plains unique is that this region does not feature many of the dense forests found in the East. Canada and the United States make up the region that covers most of North America. North America can be divided into five physical regions: the mountainous west, the Great Plains, the Canadian Shield, the varied eastern region, and the Caribbean. We show you how we learned about North America and what we learned about that wonderful continent. Visit the Geography Study Guide page to learn more. The Canadian Shield is also far enough north to be within a different climactic zone, and much of the Shield is tundra, characterized by extreme colds and year-round frozen soil. There are 23 countries in North America (see list of the ten biggest countries on the right) and 9dependencies with a total of more than 579 million people living on the continent. Culture and Econmy of NA.pptx: File Size: 1780 kb : File Type: pptx: Download File. Gold, silver, nickel, and iron deposits have been major economic activities for two centuries; the iron deposits in Minnesota’s Mesabi Range supported the American steel industry from the late 1800s through the 20th century, while Ontario’s Sudbury mines did the same for Canada. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Make sure to get these printable fact cards because they will make their learning so much easier! Finish Editing. The glaciers of the last Ice Age removed the existing soils and the development of new soils has been slowed by the climate. Weathering over time has filled this bedrock with numerous holes, creating the many lakes of the Canadian landscape. This is due to isostatic rebound, the gradual rise of land after the departure of glaciers or ice sheets. It is surrounded by Arctic Ocean in the north, Atlantic Ocean in the east and Pacific Ocean in the west.. 2. 23. Physical Geography Notes North America Economic/ Cultural Geography of North America. Pacific Realm: Historical Geography II, 24. Native copper (pure copper) was found and used long ago by the indigenous peoples around Lake Superior (especially Michigan’s Upper Peninsula) while more recent mines were critical to the development of both countries. North America Webquest. The continent of North America is a pretty big place, stretching from the Aleutian Islands in the arctic down through the Isthmus of Panama. North America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Northeast Region. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? The Great Plains stretch from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rockies, and are defined by an immense territory of relatively flat land covered in deep and fertile soil. Russian Domain: Physical Geography I, 90. North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the Earth 's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest of the seven continents. livvy0318 PLUS. Prefixes. In terms of physical geography, North America can be divided into 5 distinct regions, each characterized by specific landforms and physical features. North America may be a big place, with some diverse geography, but by breaking it into these regions we can understand it a little better. Boston, Massachusetts, is located in the northeastern U.S., on the Atlantic Ocean. Geography. https://tinyurl.com/georgianby. North of the Eastern Region and Great Plains is an elevated, and mostly flat, plateau called the Canadian Shield. https://tinyurl.com/canadianshieldfm. The surface works like a “shield” in blocking water from passing through the rock, snowmelt and rain tend to either runoff downslope (rivers) or be trapped in lower areas as lakes. Pacific Realm: Historical Geography I, 18. In fact, the first major agricultural civilizations of North America appeared around the Valley of Mexico, near the high-elevation volcanic lake where Mexico City is today. 9th grade . Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Physical Geography II, 79. This map … In the summer peat bogs (containing decayed vegetation) and swamps appear in the Shield and are a major concern for global warming; the increased decomposition of peat from higher temperatures adds even more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. 33 North America: Physical Geography I The Canadian Shield. Georgian Bay, Canadian Shield. In short, agriculture is limited to the few places where rivers or lakes have deposited fertile silt, such as the Clay Belt south of Hudson Bay (where the former Lake Ojibway once stood.) Latin America and the Caribbean (LACAR): Physical Geography I, 72. Farther north in the Shield much of the soil is frozen year-round (permafrost), which creates huge problems for construction during summer, melt. North America is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean. To help us understand all of this space, we can look to physical geography, the study of the physical features of the Earth's surface. Technically, the North American continent extends from the Aleutian Islands up north down through Central America and the Isthmus of Panama. The Shield is a three million square mile (eight million square kilometer) area of ancient geology, directly linked with Canada’s landforms, climates, and cultures. Up until this point, we haven't talked very much about Canada. The stations can be done . The Western World: Daily Readings on Geography by Peter Meserve is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Quiz & Worksheet - North American Physical Geography, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Appalachian Mountain Poverty: Facts & History, Major Rivers of the World: Names & Locations, Biological and Biomedical Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). These mountains are younger than the Appalachians, and can be characterized by rich, volcanic soil. Play Live Live. Russian Domain: Historical Geography II, 96. 2016. As you may know, North America is the third largest continent and has the fourth largest population. That also includes the world’s only temperate rainforest in the Pacific Northwest region, where trees like the Giant Sequoia grow to be 379 feet tall. Physical Geography of North America North America is the third largest continent, and is also a portion of the second largest supercontinent if North and South America are combined into the Americas and Africa, Europe, and Asia are considered to be part of one supercontinent called Afro-Eurasia. Midwest Region. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Starting with the famous Rocky Mountains, the West is defined by a series of long, parallel ranges. The Caribbean region is composed of the Caribbean Sea and the more than 7,000 islands that fill it. Settlers, especially in Quebec, used the ‘long lot’ system where property included river-frontage for access and then extended onshore. 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